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Tuesday, December 20, 2016

Please SHARE and Help River, My Nephew, Who Has a Rare Form of Brain Cancer

This is my two year old nephew River.

My two year old nephew was diagnosed with a rare form of brain cancer (tumor). He's only a baby. It would mean the world to my family if you could add him to your prayer lists and/or donate to his cause. I'm trying to buy my step father a plane ticket out there to see him, because he can't afford a ticket this Christmas. I want to be able to surprise him with one so that he can spend some time with his grandson. If you could share this link, I'd appreciate it. I just want to do what I can for River. He's a special boy who doesn't deserve to go through this hell. Please help me help a Christmas miracle happen. <3 I am raising money to help my step father get up there to spend time with River. Any leftover money will be donated to his medical expenses, because there are a lot of them, and he's on medicaid. I never ask for anything like this, but this is family and this is important to me. UPDATE: River is back in the hospital with a fever and vomiting. They're going to do a spinal tap.


#RiverWarriors #RiverWILLBeatCancer

This is the rare form of brain cancer he has been diagnosed with:

I plan on doing more research about this particular type of cancer.

According to Wikipedia,

"Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is a rare tumor usually diagnosed in childhood. Although usually a brain tumor, AT/RT can occur anywhere in the central nervous system (CNS) including the spinal cord. About 60% will be in the posterior cranial fossa (particularly the cerebellum). One review estimated 52% posterior fossa, 39% sPNET (supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors), 5% pineal, 2% spinal, and 2% multi-focal.[1]

In the United States, three children per 1,000,000 or around 30 new AT/RT cases are diagnosed each year. AT/RT represents around 3% of pediatric cancers of the CNS.[2] Around 17% of all pediatric cancers involve the CNS; it is the most common childhood solid tumor.[citation needed] The survival rate for CNS tumors is around 60%. Pediatric brain cancer is the second leading cause of childhood death, just after leukemia. Recent trends suggest that the rate of overall CNS tumor diagnosis is increasing by about 2.7% per year. As diagnostic techniques using genetic markers improve and are used more often, the proportion of AT/RT diagnoses is expected to increase."

I have never heard of this type of cancer before but I will be working on this article to learn all I can about it. River has already undergone brain surgery, where they removed the tumor, but the doctors are afraid that they didn't get it all. He starts chemotherapy soon. I just want my stepfather to get a chance to spend some time with him in case the worse happens, or he's too sick to realize my stepfather is there. I never ask you guys for anything but I could use some help with donations. Even if you could just share the gofundme page, I'd appreciate it. Please put River on your prayer lists. His mother is pregnant now, so I'm terrified that all of this stress might make her lose the baby. My step sister is very dear to me and I want to help her as much as I can.

Again the link is:

Just know that I will be forever grateful and will definitely owe you one because I hate asking for money. However, I can't stand to see a 2 year old suffer and I would take it from him if I could. If you know of any charities or cancer foundations that may be able to help out my family, please list them in the comments. My step sister doesn't have much money and any kind of charity that could help out with medical expenses, traveling expenses, etc. would be welcomed. Thank you for taking the time to read this. It's been weighing on me greatly and the stress has caused my GP to go into overdrive.

Friday, July 15, 2016

Information about The Vagus Nerve

Dedicated to Cheryl, my inspiration for this article.

Image taken from:

I know I try not to cite too many articles but I wanted to cite this one. It has really great information about the vagus nerve and what it does for your body. I do not know much about the vagus nerve, so I need help with research about it, hence the quoted articles. I'm curious as to if the vagus nerve, if damaged and causes gastroparesis, might cause other issues as well. It's a question I've had on my mind for a long time. I know some of my friends have heart issues and the vagus nerve runs by the heart. I also know that I get what I call, "gp fog" which could be a result of a damaged vagus nerve. So, I wanted to do some research into it and try to answer some of my questions and hopefully, educate and answer some of your questions as well. Maybe the more exposure we bring to complications like this, the doctors might be able to take the information and do something with it - with research or anything that could help us.

"The vagus nerve provides 75% of all parasympathetic outflow. When the brain triggers parasympathetic activation, the vagus nerve carries the messages to the heart (decreasing the heart rate and blood pressure), to the lungs (to constrict the respiratory passageways), to every organ in the digestive system (to increase motility and blood flow to the digestive tract, to promote defecation), to the kidneys and bladder (to promote urination) and to reproductive organs (to aid in sexual arousal).

2. It communicates messages between the gut and the brain. 80% of the vagus nerve’s fibers (4 out of 5 traffic lanes) deliver information from the enteric nervous system (the second brain in the gut) to the brain.

3. It regulates the muscle movement necessary to keep you breathing. Your brain communicates with your diaphragm via the release of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine from the vagus nerve to keep you breathing. If the vagus nerve stops releasing acetylcholine, you will stop breathing.

4. It helps decrease inflammation. About 15 years ago neurosurgeon Kevin Tracey and his colleagues found that a tiny amount of an anti-inflammatory drug in rats’ brains blocked the production of an inflammatory molecule in the liver and spleen. How did the signal get there? The researchers began cutting nerves one at a time to find the ones responsible for transmitting the anti-inflammatory signal from brain to body. “When we cut the vagus nerve, which runs from the brain stem down to the spleen, the effect was gone,” says Tracey, president and CEO of the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research in Manhasset, N.Y. Later they discovered that stimulating undamaged vagus fibers also had anti-inflammatory effects in animals (without the drug), which they attributed to the release of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine by the vagus nerve.

5. It has profound control over heart rate and blood pressure. For example, patients with heart failure, in which the heart fails to pump enough blood through the body, tend to have less active vagus nerves. Currently multiple studies are underway investigating the effects of vagus stimulation on patients with heart failure and atrial fibrillation (where the heart flutters erratically).

6. It helps improve your mood. Research shows that stimulation of the vagus nerve can be an effective treatment for chronic depression that has failed to respond to other treatments. Electrical stimulation of the vagus through a surgically implanted device has already been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as a therapy for patients who don’t get relief from existing treatments.

7. It is essential in fear management. Remember that “gut instinct” that tells you when something isn’t right? Turns out that the vagus nerve plays a major role in that. The signals from your gut get sent to the brain via the vagus nerve, and the signals from the brain travel back to the gut, forming a feedback loop. What if this loop was interrupted – wondered the researchers in a new Swiss study – would that affect innate anxiety and conditioned fear? Turns out it does. In test animals, the brain was still able to send signals down to the stomach, but the brain couldn’t receive signals coming up from the stomach. The research showed that those rats weren’t that afraid to begin with (lower level of innate fear), but once they became afraid, they had trouble overcoming this fear even when the danger was no longer present (longer retention of learned fear). This shows that healthy functioning of the vagus nerve helps us bounce back from stressful situations and overcome fear conditioning.

8. It plays a role in learning and memory. The same Swiss study (above) found that the rats without gut instincts transmitting to the brain via the vagus nerve required significantly longer to re-associate previously “dangerous” environment with the new, “safe” and neutral situation. This shows that the vagus nerve facilitates learning and re-wiring, so to speak. “These new findings about the vagus nerve offer exciting possibility for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Stimulation of the vagus nerve might be able to speed up the process by which people with PTSD can learn to reassociate a non-threatening stimuli which triggers anxiety with a neutral and non-traumatic experience”(1). It can also help with healing sexual stress and trauma.

9. It can help relieve cluster headaches. The company electroCore, based in Basking Ridge, N.J., manufactures a small, handheld device that can stimulate the vagus when placed on the throat. The company initially tested the devices to reduce asthma symptoms — relying on the nerve’s anti-inflammatory action. But during testing, patients reported that their headaches were disappearing, says J.P. Errico, CEO of electroCore. Now, the company is investigating the use of an electroCore device to treat chronic cluster headaches." This information was given by:

The gastric branches (rami gastrici) supply the stomach. The right vagus forms the posterior gastric plexus and the left forms the anterior gastric plexus. The branches lie on the posteroinferior and the anterosuperior surfaces, respectively.

The celiac branches (rami celiaci) are derived mainly from the right vagus nerve. They join the celiac plexus and supply the pancreas, spleen, kidneys, adrenals, and intestine.

The hepatic branches originate from the left vagus. They join the hepatic plexus and through it are distributed to the liver.

Images from:

"What happens in the vagus nerve, it turns out, doesn’t stay in the vagus nerve. The longest of the cranial nerves, the vagus nerve is so named because it “wanders” like a vagabond, sending out fibers from your brainstem to your visceral organs. The vagus nerve is literally the captain of your inner nerve center—the parasympathetic nervous system, to be specific. And like a good captain, it does a great job of overseeing a vast range of crucial functions, communicating nerve impulses to every organ in your body. New research has revealed that it may also be the missing link to treating chronic inflammation, and the beginning of an exciting new field of treatment that leaves medications behind. Here are nine facts about this powerful nerve bundle.

With a vast network of fibers stationed like spies around all your organs, when the vagus nerve gets wind of the hallmarks of inflammation—cytokines or the inflammatory substance tumor necrosis factor (TNF)—it alerts the brain and elicits anti-inflammatory neurotransmitters via the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway. A certain amount of inflammation after injury or illness is normal. But an overabundance is linked to many diseases and conditions, from sepsis to the autoimmune condition rheumatoid arthritis.

A University of Virginia study showed success in strengthening memory in rats by stimulating the vagus nerve, which releases the neurotransmitter norepinephrine into the amygdala, consolidating memories. Related studies were done on humans, opening promising treatments for conditions like Alzheimer’s disease.

The neurotransmitter acetylcholine, elicited by the vagus nerve, literally gives you the breath of life by telling your lungs to breathe. It’s one of the reasons that botox—often used cosmetically—can be potentially dangerous, because it interrupts your acetylcholine production. You can, however, also manually stimulate your vagus nerve by doing abdominal breathing or holding your breath for four to eight counts.

The vagus nerve is responsible for controlling the heart rate via electrical impulses to the sinoatrial node of the heart, where acetylcholine release slows the pulse. The way doctors determine the “tone” or “strength” of your vagus nerve (and your cardiac health) is by measuring the time between your individual heart beats, and then plotting this on a chart over time. This is your 'heart rate variability.'

When your ever-vigilant sympathetic nervous system revs up the fight or flight responses—pouring the stress hormone cortisol and adrenaline into your body—the vagus nerve tells your body to chill out by releasing acetylcholine. Its tendrils extend to many organs, acting like fiberoptic cables that send instructions to release enzymes and proteins like prolactin, vasopressin, and oxytocin, which calm you down. People with a stronger vagus response may be more likely to recover more quickly after stress, injury, or illness.

Your gut uses the vagus nerve like a walkie-talkie to tell your brain how you’re feeling via electric impulses called “action potentials". Your gut feelings are very real.

If you tremble or get queasy at the sight of blood or while getting a flu shot, you’re not weak; you’re experiencing “vagal syncope.” Your body, responding to stress, overstimulates the vagus nerve, causing your blood pressure and heart rate to drop. During extreme syncope, blood flow is restricted to your brain, and you lose consciousness. But most of the time you just have to sit or lie down for the symptoms to subside.

Truly breaking new medical ground, neurosurgeon Kevin Tracey was the first to prove that stimulating the vagus nerve can significantly reduce inflammation. Results on rats were so successful, he reproduced the experiment in humans with stunning results. The creation of implants to stimulate the vagus nerve via electronic implants showed a drastic reduction, and even remission, in rheumatoid arthritis—which has no known cure and is often treated with the toxic cancer drug methotraxate—hemorrhagic shock, and other equally serious inflammatory syndromes.

Spurred on by the success of vagal nerve stimulation to treat inflammation and epilepsy, a burgeoning field of medical study, known as “bioelectronics,” may be the future of medicine. Using implants that deliver electric impulses to various body parts, scientists and doctors hope to treat illness with fewer medications and fewer side effects."
Information from:

I'm sorry for all of the block quotes. I really don't know much about the vagus nerve, so I wanted to read up on it. I feel like it's something I should be aware of since I have Gastroparesis and a damaged vagus nerve and I wanted to spread the knowledge to you. Feel free to do more research on the matter and if I have left out any important information, let me know. I did not know that the vagus nerve can control your "gut feeling." I'm still learning about gastroparesis and what it is doing to my body. I know a lot of my friends have a hard time remembering things, myself included, and a lot of my friends have heart issues. I wonder if it's all related to the damaged vagus nerve by the stomach. I would love a doctor to do research and confirm what a damaged vagus nerve can do to the whole body, and not just the stomach.

The Mayo Clinic offers treatment for a stimulation of the vagus nerve. Their website says,

"Vagus nerve stimulation is a procedure that involves implantation of a device that stimulates the vagus nerve with electrical impulses.

There's one vagus nerve on each side of your body, running from your brainstem through your neck to your chest and abdomen.

Vagus nerve stimulation is most often used to treat epilepsy when other treatments haven't worked. Vagus nerve stimulation is also a treatment for hard-to-treat depression that hasn't responded to typical therapies.

Researchers are currently studying vagus nerve stimulation as a potential treatment for a variety of conditions, including multiple sclerosis, headache, pain and Alzheimer's disease.

In conventional vagus nerve stimulation, a device is surgically implanted under the skin on your chest, and a wire is threaded under your skin connecting the device to the left vagus nerve. The right vagus nerve is not used because it carries fibers that supply nerves to the heart.

When activated, the device sends electrical signals along the vagus nerve to your brainstem, which then sends signals to certain areas in your brain.

New, noninvasive vagus nerve stimulation devices, which do not require surgical implantation, have been approved for use in Europe to treat epilepsy, depression and pain but have not yet been approved for use in the U.S.

An implantable device that stimulates the right vagus nerve is also under study for the treatment of heart failure."

I hope one day, there will be some kind of treatment to help those with gastroparesis that includes the vagus nerve. I'm optimistic and I'm hoping there will be research into the matter. If we could repair the vagus nerve in some way, it would save so many lives, or even find treatment to get it to work properly. I'm not going to lose hope.


There is an article I wrote on the Vagus Nerve Stimulator, which may help your stomach muscles contract and help with gastric emptying. It can be found here:

Additionally, I also wrote an article entitled, "The Brain in Your Gut" which the deals with the Vagus Nerve and Serotonin being made in your stomach. It can be found here:


According to Psychology Spot,

"Vagus nerve and anxiety: Everything You Need to Know

The vagus nerve is the tenth of twelve pairs of cranial nerves and is the longest in the body. In fact, the word vagus means 'vagabond' in Latin, and perfectly illustrates the path of this nerve extending through various organs of the body.

The vagus nerve is born in the cranial box, exactly in the spinal cord, and falls into the neck developing on two branches and reaching the abdomen passing through the various organs along the path.

The vagus nerve intervenes in the sensitivity of the respiratory mucous membranes and transmits the rhythm, strength and frequency of breathing. It affects the pharynx, the larynx, the esophagus, the trachea and the bronchi, as well as administering nerve fibers to the heart, stomach, pancreas and liver. But it also carries out the inverse mission; that is, it receives signals from the internal organs and sends them to the brain to be processed.

Although perhaps the most interesting thing is the relationship between the vagus nerve and anxiety as it also transmits signals of nervousness or calm, anger or relaxation.

To understand the link between the vagus nerve and anxiety we need to understand that the nervous system is made up of two 'opposite' systems that constantly send information to the brain.

The sympathetic nervous system prepares us for action, so it mainly feeds hormones like adrenaline and cortisol. The parasympathetic nervous system intervenes in rest and relaxation.

In practice, both systems work as accelerator and decelerator. The sympathetic nervous system accelerates and activates us as the parasympathetic nervous system helps us relax and reduce the speed, so it uses neurotransmitters such as acetylcholine, which decreases the heart rate and blood pressure so that the organs work slower.

The functions of the vagus nerve

The vagus nerve controls the parasympathetic system. It intervenes in many functions, from mouth movements to heartbeat, and likewise, when affected ​​it can cause various symptoms. Some of the vagus nerve functions in our body are:

– It helps regulate heartbeat, controls muscle movements and maintains the pace of breathing.

– It maintains the functioning of the digestive tract, allowing the contraction of the stomach and intestine muscles to digest food.

– Facilitates relaxation after a stressful situation or indicates that we are in danger and we do not have to lower the guard.

– Send sensory information to the brain about organ status.

Vagus Nerve and Anxiety

When we are subjected to stressful situations, the sympathetic nervous system is activated. If the tension persists and we cannot turn off the physiological response that triggers it, it won’t pass much time before problems appear. At brain level, this involves the activation of two pathways: the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and the brain-intestine axis.

The brain responds to stress and anxiety by increasing the production of hormones (CRFs) that travel from the hypothalamus to the pituitary gland where they induce the release of another hormone (ACTH), which in turn travels through the bloodstream to the adrenal glands to stimulate cortisol and adrenaline induction, which act as immune system suppressors and inflammatory precursors, which is why when we feel stressed and anxious we get ill easily and, ultimately, we can end up suffering from depression, a disorder which has been linked to an inflammatory brain response.

And as if that were not enough, chronic stress and anxiety cause an increase in glutamate in the brain, a neurotransmitter that, when produced in excess, causes migraine, depression and anxiety. In addition, a high level of cortisol reduces the volume of the hippocampus, the part of the brain responsible for the formation of new memories.

The involvement of the vagus nerve will lead to symptoms such as dizziness, gastrointestinal problems, arrhythmias, difficulty in breathing, and disproportionate emotional responses. In fact, as the vagus nerve is unable to activate the relaxation signal, the sympathetic nervous system keeps active, this will cause the person to respond impulsively and suffer from anxiety.

It is also curious that a study developed at the University of Miami found that the vagal tone is transmitted from mother to child. Women suffering from anxiety, depression or experiencing much anger during pregnancy had a lower vagal activity and their children also exhibited low vagal activity and lower levels of dopamine and serotonin.

Three Vagal Stimulation Techniques: How to Take Care of the Vagus Nerve?

The vagal tone is an internal biological process that represents the activity of the vagus nerve. The increase in vagal tone activates the parasympathetic nervous system, which means that we can relax more quickly after a stressful situation and this will have a positive impact on our emotional balance and on health in general.

Exist various vagus nerve stimulation techniques:

1. Exposure to cold

It has been seen that exposure to cold activates the vagus nerve because it stimulates the cholinergic neurons crossing these innervations. In fact, an investigation conducted at the University of Oulu has revealed that regular exposure to cold helps to reduce the fight-flight response that launches the sympathetic nervous system.

It can be enough a cold shower of 30 seconds a day or a cold towel on the face. There are also those who lie down on the belly putting a cube of ice on the nape. Others prefer to drink quickly a glass of cold water.

2. Diaphragmatic breathing

Most people inhale air between 10 and 14 times per minute, which means they have a superficial breathing. The ideal would be to inhale air 6 times per minute. Therefore, another very effective vagal stimulation technique consists in breathing deeply.

The diaphragmatic breathing in particular activates the vagus nerve and the brain interprets it as it is necessary to calm down, even if the nerve has not given that order specifically. The mechanism is the same for which, if you close your eyes and make taps with your fingers on your eyelids, you will perceive short flashes of light because the brain interprets them so.

With diaphragmatic breathing, we make a deeper breathing that brings air into the lower part of the chest, using the diaphragm correctly and promoting relaxation.

3. Meditation, yoga and tai-chi

Meditation can increase the vagal tone. This has been demonstrated by researchers of the Oregon University who have seen that only five days of mindfulness meditation promote positive feelings towards oneself that cause the vagus nerve activation, while modulating the activity of the parasympathetic nervous system, a much better result than conventional relaxation techniques.

Even practices such as yoga and tai-chi are ideal for stimulating the vagus nerve. A study at Boston University has revealed that yoga increases GABA neurotransmitters, which promote the feeling of calm and serenity by helping to combat anxiety and stress. The tai-chi, on the other hand, is able to balance heart rate, which means it stimulates vagal modulation, according to researchers at the National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine.

Streeter, C. C. et. Al. (2012) Effects of yoga on the autonomic nervous system, gamma-aminobutyric-acid, and allostasis in epilepsy, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Medical Hypotheses; 78(5): 571-579.
Tang, Y. et. Al. (2009) Central and autonomic nervous system interaction is altered by short-term meditation. PNAS; 106(22): 8865–8870.
Mäkinen, T.M. et. Al. (2008) Autonomic nervous function during whole-body cold exposure before and after cold acclimation. Aviat Space Environ Med; 79(9): 875-882.
Fiel, T. et. Al. (2003) Pregnancy anxiety and comorbid depression and anger: Effects on the fetus and neonate. Depression and Anxiety; 17(3): 140–151.
Wan-an, L. & Cheng-Deng, K (2003) The Effect of Tai Chi Chuan on the Autonomic Nervous Modulation in Older Persons. Med Sci Sports Exerc; 35(12): 1972-1976."


Friday, May 27, 2016

Gastric Endoscopic Myotomy Showing Promise for Gastroparesis

This is an article copied from: I like to go back and read interesting breakthroughs when it comes back to gastroparesis treatment. Also, if you have had this procedure done, please email me your story: emilysstomach[at[ and I will include your story in this article, and whether it did or didn't work for you to let other GPers know. So far, the only clinic I know that does this procedure is Emory in Atlanta, GA.

Gastric Endoscopic Myotomy Showing Promise for Gastroparesis
By: Caroline Helwick
May 25, 2016

FDA Approves Gastroparesis Test for Any Clinical Setting
Nortriptyline Minimal Benefit in Gastroparesis
Ghrelin Receptor Agonist Improves Diabetic Gastroparesis
Kidney-Pancreas Transplantation
All nine of the study patients were refractory to conventional treatment — including gastric electrical stimulation in two patients — for at least 6 months, had severe symptoms, had been hospitalized at least twice in the previous 6 months, and had disturbed gastric emptying.

Mean procedural time was 48 minutes. There were no peri- or postoperative complications, and all patients could eat 2 days after surgery and were discharged by day 5.

Clinical efficacy was very high; 85% of the patients had improved significantly after 1 month. One of the failures was a recurrence at 2 months in a diabetic patient with renal insufficiency.

Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index (CGSI) score decreased from 3.5 before the procedure to 0.9 at 1 month (P < .001) and 1.1 at 3 months (P < .001). Improvements were also significant for nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, gastric fullness, and early satiety at 3 months (P <.001 for all), but not for anorexia. Time to half gastric emptying was significantly better after the procedure than before (133 vs 222 minutes; P < .001). Improved quality of life was reported by 63% of patients. Table. Gastric Emptying Mean Residual Percentage Before G-POEM, % After G-POEM, % P Value At 2 hours 76 40 <.001 At 4 hours 44 19 NS Dr Gonzalez acknowledged that long-term follow-up is needed for these patients, as are prospective studies, which his group has initiated. Dr Khashab said G-POEM can be considered not only for patients with recurrent hospitalizations, but also "for any patient with nausea and vomiting that significantly affects their quality of life, even without hospitalization." Although some patients respond to simple medical therapy, metoclopramide carries a black-box warning for tardive dyskinesia "and is only marginally effective," and antiemetics provide only symptomatic relief, Dr Khashab pointed out. Before attempting G-POEM, endoscopists should be skilled at esophageal POEM, he added. Dr Gonzalez offered a few procedural tips: "Start at the 5 o'clock position from the pylorus, keep checking your direction, and stop at the pyloric arch." Dr John Vargo These results come from small case series, but they show "intriguingly positive results" in terms of symptomatic response and gastric emptying tests, said John Vargo, MD, from the Cleveland Clinic's Digestive Disease and Surgery Institute. "G-POEM is definitely something we have to look at," Dr Vargo Medscape Medical News. "For these patients, pharmacologic treatments are imperfect; medications have many different side effects. We do have another avenue with gastric pacing, but again, this approach is in its infancy." "I'm hopeful G-POEM will help these very sick people who have a very challenged quality of life," he said. "It's good to see these results, and I look forward to longer follow-up and a larger series of patients." Dr Khashab, Dr Gonzalez, and Dr Vargo have disclosed no relevant financial relationships. Digestive Disease Week (DDW) 2016: Abstracts Mo2015 and 715. Presented May 23, 2016.

Thursday, April 14, 2016

Losing A Loved One To a Chronic Illness and Handling Grief

We have all been there. We see a post or get a call, and the floor drops out from under us. We don't know what to do or what to say because we have just been told that one of our loved ones has passed away, without rhyme or reason, due to complications from a chronic illness. How do you handle that? It seems like it goes beyond the regular grieving process because you watched this person suffer and wrestle with a chronic illness for a long time before they passed. You get angry because people make off hand comments that they knew this person was going to die because they were so ill, yet the last time you talked to your loved one, they were fine. So, how do you deal with the news, knowing that you will never get to have another conversation? Knowing what you do about their illness?

With Gastroparesis, it can be a lot more sneaky. I mean, most people seem fine on the outside but are suffering immensely behind the scenes. If you want to know more about how people with Gastroparesis live and what they suffer from, I have great resources in my blog. But this article, this is to honor those fallen GP Warriors, those who have given their lives to fight for a cure for Gastroparesis. We will never forget them and we will keep them alive in our hearts and our memories, and keep them alive in our fight. So, again, how do you deal with the loss? Based on my personal experiences, I'm going to share some things that really help me when I lose a loved one, especially really good friends, to an invisible illness.

I have another article with the stages of grief in it, entitled, "The Grieving Process for a Chronic Illness, and How to Overcome It" that you can find by clicking here: This will tell you about the stages of grief. I recommend reading it so that you can prepare yourself and to know how grief effects people.

The only logical answer I can give you is that there is no way to get over a loss. You can move past it, but you never truly get over losing a loved one, especially to a chronic illness.

Lean on support groups, with other people who have gone what you are going through, to help you through this difficult time. I recommend that highly, because people are social animals, and it helps to have empathy and people on your side with what you're going through. I started a Facebook Group, Grief Group for GPers, for those who have lost loved ones to Gastroparesis and who want to talk about it. We ask that everything posted in the group, stays in the group, due to family privacy matters. We also have an album of loved ones who have passed that we keep updated, so that we never forget why we are fighting and who we are fighting for, when we fight for things like awareness, research, and a cure for Gastroparesis. The group can be found here:

Joining a support group can definitely help, but I also recommend writing. Writing helps me a lot. When I'm able to get out all of my feelings onto a laptop or a piece of paper, I feel purged and a lot better. You can tear up the paper afterwards or delete a word document, if you don't want anyone else to stumble across it but it helps to get your feelings out. I write this blog to help me deal with even having an invisible illness and most days, it helps me keep my sanity. You don't have to start a blog, but keeping a notebook will help. Like I said, you don't have to keep your feelings once you've written them down. You can throw them away, tear them up, do whatever you like to the page(s) that you write. I like to keep mine to reflect back on how I was feeling and how far I've come since that point. I have a journal that I write in and carry around with me, in addition to this blog.

Lean on your friends. I know this seems like a no-brainer, but your friends are there to support you and help you. Invite them over to your house (I don't know about you, but it's hard for me to go out since I suffer from nausea and vomiting a lot due to GP, gastroparesis, but everyone's GP is different) and put on a movie that you all love, play a game, board or video, and talk. It helps having a distraction and your friends will be there for you. You can tell them about your loved one, relive memories, and honor them in your own way. It helps, at times like these, to have friends you can depend on to make you feel better and the interaction will really help, especially if you've been keeping yourself in isolation.

And the last thing that I would recommend, especially if you can't go to the funeral, is to have your own ceremony. I know this sounds weird, but hear me out. You can do something simple and personal, between you and the loved one you lost. I take flowers, they can be hand picked or bought at a store, and I sit in the backyard. I place them at the edge of the yard, and I talk to my loved one that I've lost. I tell them how I feel, and you can do this in your head if you want to, especially if there are people outside. The important thing is to let out any pent up tears and feelings. Talk to the person you lost like they were there with you, next to you. Lay down the flowers and have your own moment. You don't need a funeral to let them know how you feel. I know I have a hard time going places because I vomit quite a lot, and I am always nauseated. Being in a car exacerbates that feeling, because I get motion sick, so I have my own ceremony, in my backyard. I know this sounds odd, but it really helps me. It helps me say goodbye and saying goodbye, in your own way, is very important. It's important that you let go. You can do whatever makes you feel comfortable, this is just my own little ritual I want to share with you to give you an idea of the things you can do. This is just very personal for me, and this is something I've never told anyone. A good friend of mine, whom I lost, once told me that she didn't want to die because of the suffering she would cause to the people left behind. I still think about that and she's been gone for twenty years.

We have lost five people so far, just this month, from complications due to Gastroparesis. It breaks my heart and saddens me...but it also gives me purpose. I want to continue fighting for those people whom we've lost, and I want to do it to keep them alive. One day, we will find a cure. But, for right now, I have high hopes for more awareness and research. I actually met a lady at the dentist who knew all about Gastroparesis, and I didn't have to explain it to her. She had read about it somewhere. It's going to happen. It may be slow, but awareness is taking shape, and hopefully, research and a cure aren't far behind it.

May our loved ones walk among the stars and be proud of us for carrying on and fighting for Gastroparesis.

My friend shared this article with me and I wanted to post it here, because it is amazing and I think it would help with the grief.

According to (,

"When Asked for Advice on How to Deal with Grief, This Old Man Gave the Most Incredible Reply.

Someone on reddit wrote the following heartfelt plea online:

'My friend just died. I don’t know what to do.'

Many people responded with words of encouragement, but one response in particular, by an older gentlemen, really stood out from the rest…

Alright, here goes. I’m old. What that means is that I’ve survived (so far) and a lot of people I’ve known and loved did not. I’ve lost friends, best friends, acquaintances, co-workers, grandparents, mom, relatives, teachers, mentors, students, neighbors, and a host of other folks. I have no children, and I can’t imagine the pain it must be to lose a child. But here’s my two cents.

I wish I could say you get used to people dying. I never did. I don’t want to. It tears a hole through me whenever somebody I love dies, no matter the circumstances. But I don’t want it to 'not matter.' I don’t want it to be something that just passes. My scars are a testament to the love and the relationship that I had for and with that person. And if the scar is deep, so was the love.

So be it. Scars are a testament to life. Scars are a testament that I can love deeply and live deeply and be cut, or even gouged, and that I can heal and continue to live and continue to love. And the scar tissue is stronger than the original flesh ever was. Scars are a testament to life. Scars are only ugly to people who can’t see.

As for grief, you’ll find it comes in waves. When the ship is first wrecked, you’re drowning, with wreckage all around you. Everything floating around you reminds you of the beauty and the magnificence of the ship that was, and is no more. And all you can do is float. You find some piece of the wreckage and you hang on for a while. Maybe it’s some physical thing. Maybe it’s a happy memory or a photograph. Maybe it’s a person who is also floating. For a while, all you can do is float. Stay alive.

In the beginning, the waves are 100 feet tall and crash over you without mercy. They come 10 seconds apart and don’t even give you time to catch your breath. All you can do is hang on and float. After a while, maybe weeks, maybe months, you’ll find the waves are still 100 feet tall, but they come further apart. When they come, they still crash all over you and wipe you out.

But in between, you can breathe, you can function. You never know what’s going to trigger the grief. It might be a song, a picture, a street intersection, the smell of a cup of coffee. It can be just about anything…and the wave comes crashing. But in between waves, there is life.

Somewhere down the line, and it’s different for everybody, you find that the waves are only 80 feet tall. Or 50 feet tall. And while they still come, they come further apart. You can see them coming. An anniversary, a birthday, or Christmas, or landing at O’Hare. You can see it coming, for the most part, and prepare yourself. And when it washes over you, you know that somehow you will, again, come out the other side. Soaking wet, sputtering, still hanging on to some tiny piece of the wreckage, but you’ll come out.

Take it from an old guy. The waves never stop coming, and somehow you don’t really want them to. But you learn that you’ll survive them. And other waves will come. And you’ll survive them too. If you’re lucky, you’ll have lots of scars from lots of loves. And lots of shipwrecks."

I do not have the source for this, but it does help me in times of grief:

Image Source: taken from Imgur

According to,

"Introduction - As much as we don’t like to think about it, death is a part of life. While it’s not a nice thought, there’s nothing we can do to stop those we love from passing away when the time comes. It’s understandable to feel sad and even helpless when this happens, but the pain will become easier to cope with over time.
Common feelings after a death

People go through various stages of grief when they’re coming to terms with a death. These five stages have been studied for years:
  1. Denial. By denying the death has happened, it prevents the person from being overwhelmed by grief. It’s normal to feel numb, wondering how life can go on. It can be hard to accept what’s happened.
  1. Anger. Being easily irritated is a normal response to the loss of someone close to you. You might feel like snapping at people, even if it’s unlike you.
  1. Bargaining. While we feel helpless, it’s natural for thoughts to turn to what could’ve been done differently. For example, being nicer to the person or getting medical help earlier.
  1. Depression. When our thoughts return to the present, it often leads to another level of sadness. At this point, it’s normal for a person to struggle most with the loss.
  1. Acceptance. You’re not okay with what’s happened, but you’ve reached a point where you can get on with your life without it having too much of an impact day-to-day.

Understanding the common stages of grief can help a person be better prepared, but everyone grieves differently. There’s no right or wrong amount of time to be upset about losing someone, so let things progress naturally.

The biological process of grief 
Your body responds when you’re grieving. Once grief has triggered a response, you’re likely to experience a number of side effects, including:
  • Boosted adrenaline. Our brain triggers the fight or flight response, leading to a faster heartbeat and additional release of adrenaline. You might feel on high alert.
  • Exhaustion. Often caused by a lack of sleep, grief can lead to insomnia and depression – leaving you drained of energy and motivation.
If you lose someone close to you, be prepared for short-term changes to your health. It’s normal to feel the effects on your body. Staying active and eating well can help.

Daily life when you’re grieving 
How to maintain your regular lifestyle
The impact a death will have on your life is significant. But there are ways to cope with a loss, including:
  • Create a routine. Having a routine in place can help keep you balanced. A structure will give you a solid foundation to rebuild from, at a time when you’re struggling to find your feet.
  • Talk to loved ones. Open up to the people closest to you. You’ll be sharing a lot of the same feelings and talking about them is an important part of grieving.
  • Encourage yourself to participate. It’s natural to withdraw from life when you’re under stress. If you find yourself feeling this way, take small steps to do the things that usually make you happy.

Helping children cope with a death 
The loss of a loved one can be especially hard on children, because it’s probably the first time they’ve experienced these feelings. You’ll play a large part in helping them deal with their grief.
  • Use clear and honest words. Be as clear as possible when speaking to a child. They’re probably struggling to understand what’s happening, so being open will help them process what’s going on.
  • Listen to their concerns and questions. Make sure you answer any questions they have, and let the child know it’s perfectly normal to feel the way they do.
  • Explain funerals. There’s a good chance a child won’t know what a funeral is. If you want them to go, give them a description of why it happens, and what to expect on the day.
  • Help them remember the person. Talking about memories of a lost loved one can be helpful to children. This positive energy is therapeutic and may help them battle through the worst of what they’re experiencing.
  • Do things to keep their minds active. Keep a child happy and distracted with activities such as family days out. Sitting inside for too long won’t help anyone.

Helping adults around you to grieve 
It’s not only children who grieve. You might want to help a partner, friend or family member who’s experiencing this kind of pain. Some of the best methods include:
  • Listening to them. Don’t presume the grieving person would want to be treated the same way you would. Just having someone to listen to them can help. You don’t always have to give advice or have a solution.
  • Talk about the person who’s passed. Sometimes people feel as though mentioning the deceased will be upsetting. But somebody who’s grieving might want to talk about their loved one, so give them time to bring it up.
  • Reaching out. Don’t wait for someone to ask you for help. While you don’t want to be pushy, it’s nice to make sure a person knows you’re there if needed.
  • Point them towards professional help. If they’re struggling to come to terms with their loss, you can suggest they seek professional help.

Getting help with grief 
Finding the support and care you need at this distressing time can make a huge difference. 
Getting emotional support from those around you 
During difficult times, we rely on those closest to us for support. But we’ve got to want their help, so bear in mind these points:
  • Share your issues. Make sure people around you know if you’re struggling. There’s a better chance they’ll be able to help if they know what’s up.
  • Say yes to help. If someone reaches out to offer you advice, be open to their support. A heart-to-heart can make a difference. It’s worth getting a range of support too, from friends and professionals.
It can be uncomfortable to open up about your issues, but it’s important to separate yourself from those doubts to get the help you need.

Taking steps to help with your own emotional health 
Looking after your emotional health and well-being is always important, especially when you’re suffering a loss.
  • Stay physically active. Exercising has been shown to have a positive impact on not only your body, but also your mind. Depression and anxiety can improve when you’re active.
  • Take up a hobby. Take your mind off what’s troubling you by enjoying a hobby of your choice. It’s important to do things you enjoy, and not feel guilty about having a good time.
  • Get enough sleep. A lack of sleep can make things worse. Try to start relaxing before it’s time to go to bed

Support lines and communities 
If you find yourself struggling, and feel like you can’t turn to anyone, there are support helplines to guide you. 
You’ll be speaking to trained professionals, with experience of helping people who are grieving. Just some of the incredible services available include:
  • SupportLine. Provides phone counselling to help people with a wide variety of problems, including bereavement.
  • Bereavement Trust. Focused around helping those who are experiencing grief. A team of volunteers work round the clock to make sure people can get the help and support they need.
  • NHS. If you’re ever feeling dangerously low, the NHS offers a suicide hotline. Always get the support you need.
Whether it’s from your friends, family or these dedicated services, there’s always support available to you after a death. Try not to isolate yourself – instead, reach out and get help. 
If you feel like you want to talk to people who are in a similar situation to you, support groups can be a great help too. Having someone to chat to, who can relate to your situation, is incredibly useful. 
Useful links"

A friend sent me some websites that might help you in your grief and how to handle it with children, and the estate of a loved one:

Sunday, February 7, 2016

Take Action: For Many Patients and Their Families, Advocacy is About Helping Themselves and Others

I did NOT write this but this article has a lot of great information in it and I wanted to hang on it it later, to use for research regarding advocacy. I like having all of my sources and things together.


By: Kunkle, Frederick

"Karen J. Smith started a support group for people with Parkinson's disease after she was diagnosed with the condition at age 42. When Michael Ellenbogen learned he had an early-onset form of dementia at 49, he used social media to build a community of people interested in finding a cure for Alzheimer's disease. After Catherine (Cathy) DeCreszenzo's husband, Joe, was diagnosed with spinocerebellar ataxia, a rare neurodegenerative disease that causes spastic body movements and problems with balance, she started educating herself about the disorder so she could help him and others. And since her diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) 19 years ago, Catherine G. Wolf has initiated research projects and fought on behalf of people with disabilities. These four people, and hundreds like them, choose to cope with their diseases by taking action. Whether they're raising awareness or money, participating in clinical trials, providing support, or pressuring politicians, advocates help bring about change that could benefit themselves, their families, and perhaps thousands of other people, now and in the future. Their firsthand experience of living with a neurologic condition gives them a unique perspective.

'Our whole mantra is we need people with the disease out in front,' says Veronica “Ronnie” Todaro, MPH, vice president of national programs at the Parkinson's Disease Foundation. 'It's a core philosophy of the foundation. 'For those who feel called to do more but don't know where to start, we asked patients and their families to trace their paths to advocacy.'

Picture taken from IMGUR.


Advocacy begins at home, says Todaro. 'People who make the best advocates are those who have advocated for themselves first,' she says. 'It's hard to help others without your own plan in place.' The first step is to be as educated about your disease as possible. Then work with your doctor and support team to come up with treatment and care that ensures your quality of life. Don't be afraid to ask your doctor or medical team questions, and persist until you get answers, she says.That was an important lesson for the DeCreszenzos. In their search for the right neurologist for Joe, they were uncompromising about finding an expert who was committed to fighting on their behalf. They chose Joseph M. Savitt, MD, PhD, a neurologist at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, for his warm demeanor and willingness to answer questions at any time without sugarcoating, says Cathy.


By joining a support group, people often find the courage to speak louder for themselves and others. It emboldened the DeCreszenzos to start their own support group in Newark, DE. When Joe was first diagnosed with ataxia, the couple traveled to Chesapeake, MD, to join a group sponsored by the National Ataxia Foundation. In the early days, the group was especially important because ataxia is extremely rare, Cathy says. Only about 150,000 people in the United States are known to have the condition. Just talking with others fighting a similar disease was helpful, she says. 'They tell you about their challenges, you tell them about yours. You compare notes and see if you can help each other.' Smith, 56, who was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease about 14 years ago after she noticed a tremor in her left ring finger, kept quiet about her disease initially. 'I didn't want people to know I had it,' she says.

Her advocacy work began when she formed a support group. From there she established a walk to raise awareness about the disease. She took out books at her local library and asked librarians to put up displays about the disorder. She signed up for newsletters and attended conferences when she could, and she even visited the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to learn more about the drug approval process. She joined clinical trials. With every step she became more confident and less depressed, she says. 'By becoming involved, I think I'm making a difference in people's lives. I can say, ‘I know what you're going through. You'll make it.’”

Found at:


Volunteering was another crucial step on the DeCreszenzos' path to advocacy. Together, Joe and Cathy have organized fundraisers, including one in September that raised more than $10,000 for research. Joe, 67, now serves on the National Ataxia Foundation's board of directors. Along the way, Cathy, 60, says she discovered new strengths. 'Asking for money comes very easily to me because I know it's needed,' she admits. 'Being an advocate helps me deal with what's happening to my family. Every year I get stronger.' The cause has taken on new urgency for the DeCreszenzos since learning that Joe's ataxia is hereditary and one of their daughters has tested positive for the disorder.


Besides contributing to research that could lead to a cure or better treatments, participating in a clinical study gives advocates credibility to encourage others to join. The Parkinson's Advocates in Research program, created by Todaro, looks for individuals who have participated in studies. It has trained more than 230 people with Parkinson's disease or their caregivers on how to guide researchers and find ways to work together in the search for a cure. Many advocates who work with the foundation have been in dozens of clinical trials. 'It's taking control of your disease,' Todaro says. 'It's saying, ‘I can play a role in making things better.’'If you participate in a clinical trial, use that opportunity to establish a relationship with the scientists, investigators, and institutions involved. These people are often in the best position to effect change. Being able to communicate concerns also helps ensure that studies focus on the right issues and that researchers design them to be effective and humane,' Todaro says. In September, for example, Parkinson's disease advocates met with the FDA to highlight symptoms and side effects of the disease for which no treatments currently exist, she says.


To hone your skills as an advocate, reach out to the national organization for your disorder. The Parkinson's Disease Foundation, for example, has a nationwide program, the People with Parkinson's Advisory Council (PPAC), to identify advocates and leaders, evaluate their abilities and talents, and provide further education and training to support their public advocacy. The council's 14 members serve as advisors on the foundation's research, education, and advocacy programs.

Taken from IMGUR.


For some, the logical extension of their advocacy is speaking to the public, either through media interviews, public forums, or in front of Congress. That's where Ellenbogen, 57, ended up after first establishing a presence on LinkedIn, where he ultimately connected with 6,000 people who could help him understand Alzheimer's or work toward a cure. Ellenbogen, who has lived with the disease for eight years, has worked hard to ensure that the testimony of people with dementia is included in public forums and panels.Ellenbogen's dedication to speaking out earned him an invitation to the World Health Organization forum in Geneva in March 2015; he was the only person with dementia attending who was not there as part of an organization. His letters have been included in the Congressional Record, and he received an appointment to the Pennsylvania Alzheimer's Disease State Planning Committee. 'You're going to get a lot of people telling you ‘no’ and ‘it can't be done.’ You go around those people. You find a way. Don't accept it when someone tells you it can't be done,' he says.


When his mother-in-law was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, George Vradenburg, former chief counsel for AOL, started by educating himself about the disease. Then he hosted a gala dinner for the local Washington, DC, chapter of the Alzheimer's Association. As the circle of invitations grew wider, the gala became national. Vradenburg, who was accustomed to moving among the business and political elite of DC, teamed up with former House speaker Newt Gingrich to create a national Alzheimer's study group. Established with the bipartisan support of the Congressional Task Force on Alzheimer's Disease, the group, which included former Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, was charged with developing a coordinated national plan to fight the disease.Still frustrated that not enough was being done, Vradenburg and his wife, Trish, a writer and former journalist, formed USAgainstAlzheimer's in 2010. The philanthropic group has pushed the federal government to adopt timetables for finding a cure or better treatments and has set its sights on accelerating the drug approval process.


The impulse to start a foundation or charity is often strong after a devastating diagnosis or event, but Vradenburg suggests that you first think about what you hope to accomplish. Large donors might fund a building for research or back a team of researchers. Others might choose to focus on caregiving, which could mean donating to a specific facility or to research on caregiving, such as using music to alleviate the symptoms of dementia. “Find your purpose. It's not enough to say, ‘I want to cure Alzheimer's,’” Vradenburg says. “Of course you do. Focus on a piece of the issue that matches your budget and fits your passion and where you can have the biggest impact.”

This was found a Google Image search because I wanted people to understand what it's like to have GP.

This was shared to me by a friend and I love what it says.


Wolf, who was at the top of her field in research psychology when she was diagnosed with ALS in 1996, says the will to keep going helped in her legal fight against an insurer that denied her home care 10 years ago, and it's what recently drove her to help revamp the Westchester Library System's website so it's easier for people with disabilities to use. An expert on interaction between humans and technology—she once worked at IBM's Thomas J. Watson Research Center—Wolf, now 68, continues to conduct research on how people with disabilities interact with computers. She also writes articles about living with ALS and posts disability news to her Facebook page. She types by raising and lowering her eyebrows to trigger a computer switch inside a headband.


Advocacy isn't just about grand gestures. It can be as straightforward as ensuring that the local library has displays or pamphlets about your disease. Or trying to establish a commemorative month for a particular disorder. Or signing an email petition.As Ellenbogen says, anyone can be an advocate. 'If you write a letter to Congress once in a while or reach out to people in some small way to change attitudes, you're still being an advocate,' he says. Vradenburg agrees. Just the act of acknowledging the disease, which isn't always easy given the stigma associated with some neurologic conditions, is a big and brave first step, he says. 'Telling your story has an effect on the person hearing that story. It also has an effect on the person telling the story,' says Smith. 'I wasn't an advocate on day one or day 100. It took me several years. Now it's what makes my life meaningful. The day I stay home is the beginning of the end. I'll rest when I can't get out of bed.'
© 2016 American Academy of Neurology"

I borrowed this from GPACT, because this image is right.

If you want to be an advocate, it is going to take a lot for to work towards it. It means spending a lot of your hours and free time researching things, organizing groups, events, etc. It takes a lot of work but think of all of the people you would be helping who really have no one else to turn to. I hope this article spoke with you, like it did with me.

Monday, February 1, 2016

Gastric Stimulator Research & Personal Experiences From Patients

A lot of people have had a lot of questions about the gastric stimulator. What is surgery like? What is the prep before the surgery? How long does it take to heal? What will it be like after surgery? Will I be able to eat?

I haven't had the surgery done myself, although I do have a spinal cord stimulator, so I asked several people for their stories of having the gastric stimulator placed. I wanted to share these stories with you in case you were thinking of getting the gastric stimulator and had questions about it. There is also a Facebook group, composed of members who have had this surgery done and can answer any questions you might have. It's important to ask questions and do your own research before having a major surgery like this one. Additionally, remember that everyone's GP (Gastroparesis) is different. The link to the group can be found here: LIFE WITH A GASTRIC STIMULATOR.

UPDATE: I wanted to add this video into the article because it is an interview with Dr. Tom Abell, who revolutionized this technology:

The first story comes from Donna:

The second story comes from a patient who wanted to remain anonymous:

This is what it looked like after the doctors placed the gastric stimulator:

BY: Christina T

I know there are so many decisions to be made when you are faced with a chronic illness. You may often question certain decisions whether it be tweaking your medication regimen, deciding to enroll in a new clinical trial, or the basic question which seems so hard to answer: how do I control my symptoms? It seems easy for those around you to just simply say “All you have to do is take a pill a couple times a day” or “ Haven’t they figured out how to fix you yet?” But as we know chronic illnesses are not that simple to treat, that’s why they are called “chronic”.

One of the decisions you may be faced with is “Should I get a gastric pacemaker?” or “Is this the right treatment for me?” Most of us will begin meeting with our doctors and our care team to come up with a plan that discusses the pros/cons of the procedure, the actual surgery, and the recovery period including the dos and don’ts after surgery, any follow-up appointments, and how you will need to take care of yourself afterwards. All of this can seem very overwhelming but it’s important to remember to make the best decision for YOU! Our team can flood us with information but you have to be your own voice and be comfortable with the decision you are making.

Once my treatment plan wasn’t working, I faced the question “Do I get a gastric pacemaker or not?” After deciding to consider the pacemaker, my GI referred me to a surgeon who would implant the Enterra device. I went in to the appointment ready to hear what he had to say, but had a nervous feeling in my stomach. On the first visit he went over my symptoms, how long I had felt this way, what had I tried, etc. It was a very thorough exam in terms of him asking me questions and going over my long, detailed medical history. He asked me how often I got nauseous, how I was controlling it, and if I felt the treatment was successful in dealing with my symptoms. I answered him and told him that I was NOT nauseous but did throw up after most meals. He continued on with the appointment and gave me my packet of information on all of my pre-op appointments for the next week and my surgery was scheduled for 2 weeks from then.

I then left and had a follow-up scheduled for the next week. First, I was supposed to have a meeting with him, and then go over to the hospital to have my blood work, EKG, and other routine tests performed to give me the green light for my procedure. I showed up for my appointment and he again reviewed my symptoms and a “light bulb” moment went off in his head. He finally registered that I did NOT have nausea. Additionally, he realized I was a patient who needed to have MRI’s on a yearly basis for other medical issues. He then began getting upset with me and calling my GI and getting very angry for why she sent a patient who was not a good candidate for the procedure. I felt so uncomfortable as a patient because I was sitting in his exam, room and he was right next door calling my GI during a procedure, made her step out of the OR because he was so infuriated that I had wasted his time and how could she send me to him when I was not a candidate. I remember sitting there and feeling so embarrassed for him. He was so angry that I don’t know if he realized the whole office could hear him basically chewing out my GI. He then came back into the room and it was decided we would cancel the procedure. After we made this decision, he was still pretty heated and made me feel very badly that he had to call everybody and cancel everything. After all, it was more or less the 11th hour but I didn’t care. He kept saying things like, “Now I have to find someone to take your place because we already have the device here, I have to call the hospital now and take you off the schedule and get a hold of so and so, etc.” But, I knew in my heart no matter what he said, I had to do what was right for me! That gut feeling I had felt all along was becoming harder and harder to ignore. I felt the writing was truly on the wall at this point.

So, in conclusion, the lessons I’ve learned that I hope you will gain wisdom from is this:

1) Listen to your gut- if something doesn’t feel right to you whether it be in your healthcare or your job or some other aspect of your life, trust your intuition. Don’t hope that in time you’ll become comfortable with the situation or decision.
2) Do your research- I always find it helpful to talk to others who have gone through the same thing. Ask friends, family members, and coworkers about their experiences, who they have used, and if they would recommend him/her. Talk with your doctors and ask for referrals from them. Seek second and third opinions, don’t just settle- -your health and life depend on it!
3) Always go in with an open mind- Go into every situation with an open mind and then make your judgments after. Whether it is an important appointment like mine, a job interview, or something else, never let your judgment be clouded by preconceived ideas or thoughts. Doors are always opening and closing throughout our journey, be open to what life has in store for you.
4) Allow for reflection time- Very rarely in life, unless it’s an emergency, do you have to make a decision right then and there. Being able to walk away from important decisions and come back to them after having time to think things through often allows people to make better decisions.
5) Know and understand exactly what’s involved in your recovery- Make sure you understand your restrictions such as diet, activity limits (i.e., heavy lifting, when you can resume working, etc.) and how to properly care for yourself after to ensure you have the best chance possible for a smooth and successful surgery.

This is a picture of the gastric stimulator, taken from:

This story is Stephie O.'s personal experience:

My story is a long one of constant misdiagnosis and long time searching for a doctor who could help once I found out what I had and suffered for over 15 years. So on that note my doctor who given me the surgery would only except me is my percent was low enough on the gastric empty scan 15% or less and had the symptoms needed to fit into what he felt were acceptable to risk the surgery. I threw up many times a day sometime so many I would end up in the hospital. The pain i had sometimes was not bearable I was a complete mess. So I was a go ahead for the surgery. The doctor had me take a xray to look for good placement then did surgery soon after. I had mine on my left side a few inches from my ribs. There is about a 2 inch scar.

When I woke the pain was worse than expected and the breathing! Every time I took a breath it got to a horrible pain scale! But as the days went on that pain was completely gone. I stayed in the hospital 4 days but he said the average is 3 day's[sic].

On the pain relief scale and nausea scale things were better almost instantly. I was not 100% but things were livable. When I seen the doctor less than a week after discharge he was able to turn up and change the frequencies. When he did that I was aware of a small pinch right where my pacemaker was which as quickly as it came ...gone. I was about 99% better only here and there had I had very small episodes of pain. The nausea came and went but the intensity with decreased on such a scale that my life is so much better with the device then without it. About a year and a half later I notice things were going downhill an extremely fast. I went to see the doctor and he turned up the device which helps for a very short time and the same thing would happen I would get extremely sick and in lots of pain he turned it up to the max that he could. things got so bad I weigh 98 pounds at 5'10" ghe doctor quickly put a feeding tube in my stomach and left the pacemaker in. We tried to make things better for months after that and nothing was working. If I continued at this rate they said I could die soon. So we got aggressive and took the feeding tube the gastric pacemaker out and removed about 3/4 of my stomach like a cancer patent would have done . I am about 60 sometimes 70 better now. It was all a long road. I can say the pacemaker make my life livable for a long time and I was amazed at how well it worked! Would not change a thing about that surgery ND would do it again!

This story is from Julie:

I got it on April 20th. Reason [sic] I made the decision to get it was because I couldn't handle the throwing up and nausea anymore. I first had to get approval through my insurance. Once they approved [it] I got the temporary which is for 5 days and had an endoscopy. It worked so I went ahead and talked to the surgeon to get the permanent one. Surgery was very painful. I have a high tolerance when it comes to pain meds but the gas pains where the worst. I still have pain where the pacemaker is located but its not as bad as it was before. I did stay over night in the hospital because they wanted to make sure anesthesia wouldn't make me sick and [also wanted to see if] I could tolerate food. I am still getting use to it and I already had my settings changed because I am still getting nauseous but was nausea free for the first 2 weeks. It has helped because I have had less nausea and vomiting. I would definitely recommend to anyone who throws up a lot and is very nauseated like I was. Being scared is a natural reaction to have when it comes to having surgery but just try to think positive. I was walking that next day. They wanna make sure you are able to use the bathroom (peeing). Doesn't help the GP pain at all. It is only for nausea and vomiting that's all. Yes I do notice a big difference between before and after the pacer. Less days of being nausea than before.

This is how the gastric stimulator is inserted, photo taken from:

This story is from Kathleen:

I've had my gastric pacer for 1&1/2 years. I was terribly sick and had exhausted all other avenues. Getting authorization from the insurance company was pure hell. I finally received news that I was authorized. I had lost 84lbs. I jumped at the chance for help. I didn't have to do a temporary. The surgery went well. I had a few complications so I ended up with a 4 day stay. I traveled 9 hours round trip every 3 months for adjustments. With each adjustment I felt better. For a whole year I got great relief. I put weight on and avoided hospital stays. Then I started throwing up again. I'm losing weight like crazy again. I had a GES study and CT Scan. They showed hyper digestion. I've had 6 ER visits the last month to get stabilized. I am now sick again almost daily. This by all means isn't a cure. I have an endoscopy with baristate on the 27th of this month. I don't know what my future holds but at this point I'm willing to try anything. I say if you're sick to at least give a pacer a try. 💚

This is Melissa's story:

I'm Melissa. I have a gastric pacemaker and wanted to give you an idea of how mine is going and etc. First of all, it took me a long time, over a year, to get to the place where a doctor agreed to give me a pacemaker. Because of my intestinal dysmotility [sic], both the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio and Piedmont in Atlanta didn't want to put it in. They thought it wouldn't help because they thought my intestinal dysmotility [sic] played too major of a part in my symptoms of nausea, vomiting, weight loss, malnutrition, dehydration, bloating, pain, and more. However, I wanted to try the pacemaker before any of their options. The CC wanted to do major surgery and was even talking transplants and Piedmont just wanted to give me a bunch of tubes which I believed wouldn't help all of my symptoms. So I opted to go with a doctor in Augusts at Georgia Regents Medical who wanted to try the pacemaker. His name is Dr. Rao.

Surprisingly once we put in the paperwork with the insurance company it was approved within a month or so. Once it was approved, surgery was set. Getting ready for surgery wasn't difficult, just the typical don't eat after midnight (which I couldn't eat anyways), and washing the surgical sight several times with special antiseptic soap. I did have to do an extra pre-op appt because I have tachycardia so they had to do an extra EKG and such to double check to make sure my heart was good.

The day of surgery was nerve racking to say the least. My sister, nephew, and best friend went with me. It was scheduled early so as to give me more time in the hospital to recover. They had already planned for me to stay overnight. My particular surgeon had all his pacemaker patients stay overnight. Not all surgeons do that. If you are given the choice, stay overnight. It was nice to have nurses help you get up and around. Not to mention, the pain meds in an IV are much easier to take then the pills they give you when you go home. Anyhow, once at the hospital it was the normal check in and probably within an hour of being there I was getting anesthesia. The surgery itself was about 3 hours.

I honestly don't know how long I was in the recovery room. Several friends drove down to Augusta to see me while in recovery and I don't remember it at all. Once moved up to a room I was more coherent and definitely started to feel the pain. It was done laparoscopically however where they put the pacemaker in had a large incision. Plus my entire abdomen was just sore. I was thankful though that I didn't throw up. I usually throw up after anesthesia but apparently they double dosed me with nausea stuff before I went in and put a patch behind my ear that stayed on during surgery and for a couple days after.

Anyhow, I learned quickly to let your nurse know you are in pain. There is no point in toughing it out when they can give you the good stuff in your IV. Because of the pain medicine and alternating giving me zofran and phenegran in my IV I actually slept ok, for someone who had just had surgery anyways. It was painful to get up and use the restroom and walk around but that's why staying overnight is also helpful. The nurses helped me, as well as my awesome sister who spent the night. I would recommend someone trustworthy spending the night with you.

I started to get really flushed and hot and when the nurse didn't come to check it out, my sister totally went out and got that nurse. The day after surgery they had me walk around some and then said I could go home. Because we were 3 hours away from home, we opted to stay in a hotel nearby for another day or two. That was a good call too because without the pain meds through the IV I was super sore. They gave me percocet to take, but I opted not to take it.

My stomach never did well with pain meds and I wasn't about to risk it right after abdominal surgery. So I crushed up tylenol and used that for my pain medication. Not as effective as the hospital pain meds by any means but enough for me to be able to grin and bear through it. The ride home was rough. Every little bump made me hurt.

I also had to put a pillow between me and the seat belt bc of where my pacemaker was placed. Different doctors place them a little differently but mine was placed right where the seat belt goes across. So rough 3 hour ride home. But once home, or rather at my sister's house to recover, I was able to relax a little bit. I won't lie. The first week after surgery is painful. I was really sore and moving around too much really smarted. Getting into a good sleeping position was hard.

The worst though was when I finally had to have a bowel movement. Pushing down was very painful but once it was over with I was so relieved. Anyhow the pain subsided some after the first week, and then continued to subside as the weeks went on. By my post-op appt a month after surgery my abdomen was only hurting when I stretched it the wrong way.

Now at my post-op I had my pacemaker adjusted up. I had been trying some soft foods like jello and noodles but wasn't always keeping them down so they adjusted my pacemaker up. After my adjustment, for a couple weeks I was able to have some more soft foods and stuff like crackers but only a few bites before I got extremely nauseous or even sick. So I was still having to supplement with Ensure Plus.

After another month of this I went to get it adjusted again. Unfortunately, I got really sick about that time of the adjustment with a UTI and sinus infection. This set me back big time. My gastroparesis flared and the antibiotics they gave me made it even worse. After trying to keep down 3 different rounds of antibiotics my stomach completely revolted and I couldn't keep anything down. I ended up in the hospital with a critically low BUN level and had to get fluids and a banana bag over the course of 3 days there. That was last weekend.

So now I am waiting to see the doctor in Augusta tomorrow to see what we can do to get everything on track. I will say this... the pacemaker seemed to help for a couple of weeks. However once my stomach started to flare, it became useless even after several adjustments. I know everyone has different stories but mine has been a struggle so far. I will say this too though. I have not completely given up on my pacemaker. My surgeon says that sometimes it takes people up to 6 months for their pacemaker to really 'kick in' and I am really hoping this is true for me. I am hoping that it was just the infections and the antibiotics that messed with my pacemaker's success. I will know more tomorrow when I go see my doctor in Augusta.

The gastric stimulator, photo taken from:

This is ReggieKay's Story:

In 2005 I had a neck surgery on C/5-6, two months after that is when my symptoms started and of course no one would admit that my vagus nerve was damaged, but I believed it was. I had nothing wrong with my digestive system before this.

I went through so much before even being diagnosed, even an ERCP and I got pancreatitis, from it, almost losing my life. They even tried Botox, reglan, domperidone, and finally, put me on tube feedings. I was down to 98 lbs, showing the tube feedings had became unsuccessful, then I was put on TPN and sent to a long term care facility, eventually at the end of 2008 sent home to die.

In 2009 a doctor in New Orleans, Dr James Smith, agreed to see me. I went from the first office visit with him to ICU for long time, and my only hope was a gastric stimulator. I was the worst case he had seen and at the time he had about 6-8 patients. He pushed for the stimulator, thinking it would be only thing to really save my life.

I was on TPN until 2012 and after many adjustments and many septic infections, the last one about did me in & the doctors said I would not survive another one, so we finally put the stimulator on the highest setting and I was able to get off TPN and have my picc line removed. I also, decided to remove myself from all stress & an emotionally abusive relationship. I got off all of my prescriptions, except Marinol, another life saving drug for me. I believe stress makes GP much worse.

The gastric stimulator batteries usually last 4-5 yrs, but mine went out earlier due to being on the highest setting. I am to replace it every 2 yrs. This year it went out, it was my fault because I was going through a divorce, went off grid and lost down to 119 pounds before having my batteries replace again. Since October of this year I have gained 10 lbs. I still have a G-tube for drainage and having it replaced at the end of this month.

Now, the surgery for gastric stimulator was not easy for me, now I think they can do it better. My doctor had not done many [of these surgeries] at the time... they cut me in two places up & down my stomach and on my right side. I woke up in a lot of a pain and my bladder was traumatized, so I had to be on a catheter for a few weeks.

Scary as this may seem I would do it all over again. I really believe it saved my life & opened a new world to me. I did not prepare for the surgery itself , just regular no food or drink after midnight, and recovery I would say was 4-6 weeks.

Normally, you go home in a couple of days. The hardest part was figuring out what the settings should be, because every one is different. That was the most frustrating part to me and the doctors. I was so dependant on TPN and everything was shut down for so long my body was in bad shape and I think that's why it was a slow process for me. I totally would think the sooner the better. I support the gastric stimulator and do believe it can save lives. I hope this helps! ~ ReggieKaye

This is Christine R.'s Story:

What made you decide to get the gastric pacemaker?

What was the process that you had to go through to get the pacer?

How long did it take you to get used to the pacer?

Did it help you?

Would you recommend it to others?

Do you have any advice for those who are scared of the surgery but are considering getting the surgery?

How soon were you walking around after the surgery?

Did it help the GP Pain any?

Do you notice a difference from before the pacer and after the pacer?

My story with Gastroparesis starts in 2010. One day I was fine and the next day I wasn't. I was close to turning 30 and my life completely changed. I woke up feeling sick and didn't know what was going on. I ended up throwing up for hours on end and being taken to urgent care. That was the beginning of GP for me--except they didn't know that. I also had symptoms of vertigo and a migraine, both of which I had never had before. Everything continued for MONTHS before they diagnosed me. I was wheelchair-bound, vitamin-B deficient, not driving, not working, and losing weight and hair by this time. Over the course of four and a half years I lost 115 pounds and tried several medications that didn't work. When I started looking pretty bad and my hair dying, that's when my GI doctor suggested the pacemaker and I started the process. Even though it's not been this BIG miracle, I don't regret it. We GPers have so few options offered to us, so why not take those given, you know?! I do have some secondary disease as a result of Gastroparesis. I now also have (mild) Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS) and neuropathy in my legs, but I don't let any of my diseases slow me down!

This is Diane S.'s story:

I got mine Feb 2011. It took me 2 years of weight loss and being on liquids to get it. Even though I was down to an average intake between 400-700 calories daily, I wasn't a candidate for tubes because my weight had more or less stabilized and my labs had compensated. Surgery was no joke. I spent over 8 hours in the recovery room because they couldn't get my pain under control and the irritation from the surgery had kicked off severe vomiting that they couldn't get under control either. But, once they gave me a pain pump and got me up to my room, I was able to stop using the pump after about 5 hours. I was sent home about 36 hours after surgery, about 11 pm...the delay was due to the on call surgeon (not my usual one) writing for the wrong pain medication for me to take home. Only took those for about 3 days once I got home. Was out for 3 weeks, but was able to return to work at almost full duty. I only had to get help if holding a large patient, or holding a patient up for an extended period (I worked in an ICU). The stimulator helped right away with the nausea, but there was noticeable changes after the 3rd setting change at about 5 months. So far, the battery is holding its' own.

This is Micki F.'s Story:

They [the doctors] believe I had the symptoms of GP for a long time but didn't get diagnosed until 2010. That is when the decision was made that if I didn't quit work I would be dead before the end of the year. The down side of that is I was left with no insurance.

By the time I became eligible for insurance and went through multiple appeals to get the pacer approved in May of 2012, I had lost from 122 pounds down to 83 pounds. I really had gotten so tired of fighting at that point they were afraid I might not survive the surgery. Dr. Abel placed my pacer with the help of Dr. Lahr at UMMC in Jackson, MS.

The constant 24/7 nausea was all but gone when I woke up. It's not a cure all but it has been a life saver in that I am more functional. A nurse taught me that sometimes, not all the time, the difference is those who give up, those that have been let get too far into the illness, and those who want to strive to thrive. So I spent a week in the hospital being one that was almost too far into it, then I went home and we started the long recovery.

In this three year time I have gained from 83 to 109, I have gone from not able to eat anything to getting down about 1000 calories a day of soft foods. I have gone from taking phenergan (liquid works best for me) 4-6 times a day down to twice and the most. There are still problems the gastric stimulator can't fix. My bowels don't move at all by themselves so I am totally laxative dependent. I can't drive or work because of the sudden syncope episodes and sudden bowel explosions with no warning from the unpredictable laxatives.

I still have to get 2 multivitamin drips a week. But with the gastric stimulator I am alive. My nausea is limited to none if I am careful. I gain weight on a limited diet.I have been able to return to church 90% of the time. I am able to enjoy time with my grandchildren when they visit me at my home instead of a hospital room or ER as before. I have learned that my life will never be the same again, but thanks to the gastric stimulator I have a life to live. Day by day, but I have a life to live. I hope this helps anyone trying to decide. It's an extensive surgery; not for quitters. But as you heal and get adjustments the quality of life returns to quality.

This is Bridgett K.'s Story:

To fully recover was probably about two months. I had pain on my right side where they implanted every time I got bloated or when I stood up straight. Still get pain in that spot if I am stupid with what I eat. There wasn't much prep to the surgery. They called me two weeks before surgery to say I had been approved. They wanted to put it in one week from that date but my insurance wouldn't let them. So I met with the surgeon a week before add he explained to me the procedure. The night before I wasn't allowed to eat(not a problem) :). I was super excited because my picc had to be pulled about a month prior because I got sepsis from it getting infected so I wasn't getting much nutrition.

My husband has video of when I first woke up. They have you pretty doped up so I don't remember much except worrying about imaginary cupcakes. That night I had a liquid dinner and the great day they turned it on. No significant improvement from turning it on the first time. Maybe a little improvement in nausea. I believe the surgery took about two hours. So it was pretty quick. I was terrified. Partly because it was a surgery but mostly because if this didn't work then I would be tube fed for the rest of my life. Not that there is anything wrong with that. I have had a picc line twice and got sepsis twice and the idea of a tube directly into my intestines just scared the heck out of me. If that's how I would have to live I'm sure I'd adjust but I was really hoping the outset a would work. My gi isn't exactly a people person and he's a little weird but I'm glad I found him. He gave me a new lease on life. I got down to 94 pounds and at 5'3 I had lost 40 pounds and was emaciated. No one seemed to help except this guy. I was allowed to eat after surgery as soon as I could but I spent most of the day of surgery sleeping.

They monitor the gastric stimulator through a handheld device that tells them my settings and they can adjust the settings through that device. The newer machine that just came out will even tell your doctor when it's time to replace the machine. I would say for anyone who had exhausted all other options this is worth a try. They can take it out if it doesn't help. I don't even mind the two three inch scars. I have plenty of other surgery scars from fusions and other surgeries but I'm proud of these scars.

Gastric Stimulator with handheld device that the doctor holds, photo taken from: